Difference Between Whisky, Scotch, Single Malt And Bourbon!
The question as to what is the difference between whisky, scotch and malt might have been asked to you very often. If you were confused on the answers, the same is here for you.
It is essential to understand in the first place as to what exactly whisky is. In simple words, whisky is booze that has been distilled from grain mash which has been fermented. However, certain whisky is made from corn meaning that these might not essentially be aged. It is almost a rule that all whisky need to be distilled at a minimum of 40% and the percentage of alcohol by volume can be a maximum of 98.4% by volume. The difference in various whiskeys mainly comes owing to distinct types of grains used for mash. Whisky is a distilled alcoholic beverage that is commonly made from fermented grain mash. It is usually aged in wooden casks which have been made from white oak.
As whisky is made from fermented grain mash, scotch is no different either. For scotch, the spirit needs to be made from malted barley and in many of the scotches barley, yeast and water are used. The spirit to be used in scotch needs to be aged in oak casks for a minimum of three years. Scotch is primarily malt or a grain whisky that has its origin in Scotland.
Bourbon is made from grain mixture and the same should be at least 51% corn. For fermentation in bourbon, some mash is mixed from an older fermenting batch and the process is known as sour mash. The spirit in bourbon should be distilled to around 80%alcohol and cannot be more than 62.5% when the same is put in casks for aging. Though bourbon does not have a set aging period, it can be called as bourbon if it is aged for no less than two years. Bourbon is basically an American whiskey that is primarily made from corn. It can be served neat or can be diluted with water.
As the name implies, single malt is a malt whisky that is produced from a single distillery. This whisky is distilled from fermented mash which has been made with malted grains. The main difference between single malt and other whiskies is that it only contains barley and any of the one cereal gains, either wheat or corn. Water is added in single malt in the initial stage and the same is used to promote germination. Single Malt whisky is produced in distilleries that exist across Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada and all major countries.